Case Study – Oregon, USA

he Oregon Bottle Bill is a container-deposit legislation passed in the U.S. state of Oregon in 1971 and amended in 2007. It requires cans, bottles, and other containers of carbonated soft drink, beer, and water sold in Oregon to be returnable with a minimum refund value.

The law is said to have helped in reducing litter and increasing container recycling. As a result, items which used to make up around 40% of roadside litter now represent about 6%. With return rates averaging 90%, another major benefit is in waste reduction and resource conservation, particularly for aluminum. By comparison, states without similar bills recycle on average 28% of their containers. Below is a list of States first enacting a Bottle Bill:

1971 Oregon
1972 Vermont
1976 Maine
1976 Michigan
1978 Connecticut
1978 Iowa
1982 Delaware
1982 Massachusetts
1982 New York
1986 California
2002 Hawaii

In 2009, there was further updates under consideration for the law including adding products like wine and juice bottles, and increasing the refund amount from 5 cents.

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